Conceptual Design of a Novel Nozzle Combined with a Clinical Proton Linac for Magnetically Focussed Minibeams

Nom de la revue
Tim Schneider, Annalisa Patriarca, Alberto Degiovanni, Manuel Gallas, Yolanda Prezado

(1) Background: Proton minibeam radiation therapy (pMBRT) is a novel therapeutic approach with the potential to significantly increase normal tissue sparing while providing tumour control equivalent or superior to standard proton therapy. For reasons of efficiency, flexibility and minibeam quality, the optimal implementation of pMBRT should use magnetically focussed minibeams which, however, could not yet be generated in a clinical environment. In this study, we evaluated our recently proposed minibeam nozzle together with a new clinical proton linac as a potential implementation. (2) Methods: Monte Carlo simulations were performed to determine under which conditions minibeams can be generated and to evaluate the robustness against focussing magnet errors. Moreover, an example of conventional pencil beam scanning irradiation was simulated. (3) Results: Excellent minibeam sizes between 0.6 and 0.9 mm full width at half maximum could be obtained and a good tolerance to errors was observed. Furthermore, the delivery of a 10 cm × 10 cm field with pencil beams was demonstrated. (4) Conclusion: The combination of the new proton linac and minibeam nozzle could represent an optimal implementation of pMBRT by allowing the generation of magnetically focussed minibeams with clinically relevant parameters. It could furthermore be used for conventional pencil beam scanning.