The exocyst controls lysosome secretion and antigen extraction at the immune synapse of B cells

Nom de la revue
Journal of Cell Biology
Juan José Sáez, Jheimmy Diaz, Jorge Ibañez, Juan Pablo Bozo, Fernanda Cabrera Reyes, Martina Alamo, François-Xavier Gobert, Dorian Obino, María Rosa Bono, Ana-María Lennon-Duménil, Charles Yeaman, María-Isabel Yuseff

B lymphocytes capture antigens from the surface of presenting cells by forming an immune synapse. Local secretion of lysosomes, which are guided to the synaptic membrane by centrosome repositioning, can facilitate the extraction of immobilized antigens. However, the molecular basis underlying their delivery to precise domains of the plasma membrane remains elusive. Here we show that microtubule stabilization, triggered by engagement of the B cell receptor, acts as a cue to release centrosome-associated Exo70, which is redistributed to the immune synapse. This process is coupled to the recruitment and activation of GEF-H1, which is required for assembly of the exocyst complex, used to promote tethering and fusion of lysosomes at the immune synapse. B cells silenced for GEF-H1 or Exo70 display defective lysosome secretion, which results in impaired antigen extraction and presentation. Thus, centrosome repositioning coupled to changes in microtubule stability orchestrates the spatial-temporal distribution of the exocyst complex to promote polarized lysosome secretion at the immune synapse.