Representation and quantification of module activity from omics data with rROMA

Nom de la revue
npj Systems Biology and Applications
Matthieu Najm, Matthieu Cornet, Luca Albergante, Andrei Zinovyev, Isabelle Sermet-Gaudelus, Véronique Stoven, Laurence Calzone, Loredana Martignetti

AbstractThe efficiency of analyzing high-throughput data in systems biology has been demonstrated in numerous studies, where molecular data, such as transcriptomics and proteomics, offers great opportunities for understanding the complexity of biological processes. One important aspect of data analysis in systems biology is the shift from a reductionist approach that focuses on individual components to a more integrative perspective that considers the system as a whole, where the emphasis shifted from differential expression of individual genes to determining the activity of gene sets. Here, we present the rROMA software package for fast and accurate computation of the activity of gene sets with coordinated expression. The rROMA package incorporates significant improvements in the calculation algorithm, along with the implementation of several functions for statistical analysis and visualizing results. These additions greatly expand the package’s capabilities and offer valuable tools for data analysis and interpretation. It is an open-source package available on github at: Based on publicly available transcriptomic datasets, we applied rROMA to cystic fibrosis, highlighting biological mechanisms potentially involved in the establishment and progression of the disease and the associated genes. Results indicate that rROMA can detect disease-related active signaling pathways using transcriptomic and proteomic data. The results notably identified a significant mechanism relevant to cystic fibrosis, raised awareness of a possible bias related to cell culture, and uncovered an intriguing gene that warrants further investigation.