How Myosin VI Traps its Off-State, is Activated and Dimerizes

Louise Canon, Carlos Kikuti, Vicente J. Planelles-Herrero, Tianming Lin, Franck Mayeux, Helena Sirkia, Young il Lee, Leila Heidsieck, Léonid Velikovsky, Amandine David, Xiaoyan Liu, Dihia Moussaoui, Emma Forest, Peter Höök, Karl J. Petersen, Aurélie Di Cicco, Julia Sires-Campos, Daniel Lévy, Cédric Delevoye, H. Lee Sweeney, Anne Houdusse

AbstractMyosin VI (Myo6) is the only minus-end directed nanomotor on actin, allowing it to uniquely contribute to numerous cellular functions. As for other nanomotors, proper functioning of Myo6 relies on precise spatio-temporal control of motor activity via a poorly defined off-state and interactions with partners. Our structural, functional, and cellular studies reveal key features of myosin regulation and indicate that not all partners can activate Myo6. TOM1 and Dab2 cannot bind the off-state while, GIPC1 binds Myo6, releases its auto-inhibition and triggers proximal dimerization. Myo6 partners thus differentially recruit Myo6. We solved a crystal structure of the proximal dimerization domain, and show that its disruption compromises endocytosis in HeLa cells, emphasizing the importance of Myo6 dimerization. Finally, we show that the L926Q deafness mutation disrupts Myo6 auto-inhibition and indirectly impairs proximal dimerization. Our study thus demonstrates the importance of partners in the control of Myo6 auto-inhibition, localization, and activation.