Hydraulic fracturing and active coarsening position the lumen of the mouse blastocyst

Nom de la revue
Julien G. Dumortier, Mathieu Le Verge-Serandour, Anna Francesca Tortorelli, Annette Mielke, Ludmilla de Plater, Hervé Turlier, Jean-Léon Maître

The making of a lumen

During the early days of mammalian development, the formation and positioning of a fluid-filled lumen, the blastocoel, defines the first axis of embryo symmetry. Dumortier
et al.
describe how a blastocoel lumen arises from the hydraulic fracturing of cell-cell contacts into hundreds of micrometer-size water pockets that then form a single large lumen (see the Perspective by Arroyo and Trepat). The authors characterized the process of lumen formation mechanically and molecularly and were able to manipulate the first axis of symmetry of the mammalian embryo experimentally. Thus, fluid dynamics plays a key role in the embryo and may play a similar role in the formation of other biological cavities.

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