Proton Minibeam Radiation Therapy and Arc Therapy: Proof of Concept of a Winning Alliance
(1) Background: Proton Arc Therapy and Proton Minibeam Radiation Therapy are two novel therapeutic approaches with the potential to lower the normal tissue complication probability, widening the therapeutic window for radioresistant tumors. While the benefits of both modalities have been individually evaluated, their combination and its potential advantages are being assessed in this proof-of-concept study for the first time. (2) Methods: Monte Carlo simulations were employed to evaluate the dose and LET distributions in brain tumor irradiations. (3) Results: a net reduction in the dose to normal tissues (up to 90%), and the preservation of the spatial fractionation of the dose were achieved for all configurations evaluated. Additionally, Proton Minibeam Arc Therapy (pMBAT) reduces the volumes exposed to high-dose and high-LET values at expense of increased low-dose and intermediate-LET values. (4) Conclusions: pMBAT enhances the individual benefits of proton minibeams while keeping those of conventional proton arc therapy. These results might facilitate the path towards patients’ treatments since lower peak doses in normal tissues would be needed than in the case of a single array of proton minibeams.