Retrograde and Anterograde Transport of Lat-Vesicles during the Immunological Synapse Formation: Defining the Finely-Tuned Mechanism
LAT is an important player of the signaling cascade induced by TCR activation. This adapter molecule is present at the plasma membrane of T lymphocytes and more abundantly in intracellular compartments. Upon T cell activation the intracellular pool of LAT is recruited to the immune synapse (IS). We previously described two pathways controlling LAT trafficking: retrograde transport from endosomes to the TGN, and anterograde traffic from the Golgi to the IS. We address the specific role of four proteins, the GTPase Rab6, the t-SNARE syntaxin-16, the v-SNARE VAMP7 and the golgin GMAP210, in each pathway. Using different methods (endocytosis and Golgi trap assays, confocal and TIRF microscopy, TCR-signalosome pull down) we show that syntaxin-16 is regulating the retrograde transport of LAT whereas VAMP7 is regulating the anterograde transport. Moreover, GMAP210 and Rab6, known to contribute to both pathways, are in our cellular context, specifically and respectively, involved in anterograde and retrograde transport of LAT. Altogether, our data describe how retrograde and anterograde pathways coordinate LAT enrichment at the IS and point to the Golgi as a central hub for the polarized recruitment of LAT to the IS. The role that this finely-tuned transport of signaling molecules plays in T-cell activation is discussed.